Not sure how to drill holes? You’re not alone. For new DIY enthusiasts, it can be daunting to know how to start drilling. Over and beyond the drilling itself, you need to think about the drill, the drill bits, the fittings, and various other factors. To make the process a little less challenging, we’ve put together some tips to help you drill holes like a pro.
How to Drill Holes Properly
The first thing you’ll need to drill holes is a good drill. A basic corded or cordless drill with hammer action will be ideal for a wide range of projects. There are many different drills on the market. Our advice is to do a bit of research and find a make and type that suits your specific needs. Once you’ve got your drill, here’s how to get drilling.
Step 1: Get familiar with your drill.
If you have a cordless drill, it will run on rechargeable batteries. That means that you will need to get used to removing and putting in the batteries, as well as charging the batteries. Some may have set recharge time. Always read and follow the drill instructions before you use the drill. You will need to know how to forward and reverse the gears. You’ll also need to know the correct speeds for various types of drilling, as well as the torque force.
Step 2: Stock up on drill bits.
You may be a bit overwhelmed by the number of drill bits on offer. These vary in size, shape and purpose. A set of multi-purpose bits in selected sizes is a good start. These will drill through most materials such as wood, masonry and metal. They may not be suitable for larger projects or more specific materials, however. Sizes will vary in length and diameter. Some bits have specific shapes that allow you to cut into or through materials such as tile and glass or tougher masonry. As a general guideline, it helps to use the selection chart at the bottom of the page when shopping for drill bits at Ruwag.
Step 3: Fitting the drill bits.
Once you’ve chosen your bit, you will need to fit it into the drill. This is done by fitting the end of the bit into the chuck. Twist the ring at the top of the drill to open the drill and then insert the bit. Tighten the chuck again by hand until it is fitted securely. You can then secure it with a key if this is needed. The key is located at the side of the chuck in one of the holes. You’ll need to lock all three of the holes on the side of the chuck. Once the drill bit has been attached, you can then set the forward gear and drilling option to get started.
Step 3: Drilling in freehand.
If you’re going to do freehand drilling, aim the drill at 90 degrees to the surface you’re drilling, then squeeze the trigger to start drilling. You will need to make sure that you hold the drill at the right angle. You can use a try square on the surface. You will want the bit to be in line with the metal section of the square.
Step 4: Drilling small holes.
To drill small holes into wood or metal, make sure that the material is secured to your workbench. Place some scrap wood below the material if you plan to drill all the way through the material. This will give you a clean exit hole with less chance of tearing. Make a mark on the surface and then hold the tip there, checking that it’s at the right angle. Carefully drill through the wood or metal, allowing the bit to go all the way through and out onto the scrap wood below. Make sure that you bring the bit up while the drill is running so that it doesn’t get stuck.
Step 5: Drilling large holes.
You will need a specialised wood bit for larger holes or to extend holes. A flat wood bit is a good option but you could also use a brad point, auger or Forstner bit depending on the size of your hole. Secure your piece onto your bench and place a bit of scrap wood underneath. Make a mark, position the bit and start drilling carefully. Hold the drill upright to make a clean, even hole. Drill right down to the scrap wood underneath for a smooth exit hole. You could also clamp the wood and drill through it that way. Drill halfway through the wood, then turn it, find the mark and drill the rest of the hole.
We hope that these tips make it easier to get your projects started. To stock up on high-quality drill bits, Ruwag is your go-to choice for products you can always trust. Shop online and get all the bits you need to drill holes.